Print Sizing In Photoshop

To obtain a good print your image file must be of a sufficient size to print successfully.

You can increase the resolution for any image by increasing the file size in Photoshop but if your image initially has a small file size then re-sizing will only work to a certain degree (10-20%).

For example an image downloaded from the internet that appears on screen as a half page in a web document may only be approximately 800 x 600 pixels at a screen resolution of approx. 72 ppi (monitor resolution).

If you printed this image at the standard printer resolution of 300 dpi it would reproduce at a size of just 5 x3.3 cm.

The file size of the above image, when open in Photoshop, would be just 700k (8 bit), to produce an A4 print at 300 dpi the file size would need to be 25mb (8 bit),

so your 700k image would need to be sized up in Photoshop by 35 times and would look pixelated and awful.

If your digital camera has approximately 6-10 million pixels this will produce a file size of 18-30mb (8 bit) this will be fine for A4 and will “res-up” to A3 with a reasonable quality,

the larger the original file size (more megapixels) from the camera the better

Step by step guide to centre an image to print A3 with a white border (Portrait Orientation):

Image to centre is a 25mb A4 image that will be resized to approx. 30mb to print on A3 pape

r with a white border.

This will be created in a new A3 document that can be saved for printing on an ink-jet or uploading to Photobox etc.

  • Open image in Photoshop.
  • Check the image resolution
  • Go to Image / Image Size dialogue box, if Resolution is 300 ppi then skip step 4.
  • If not 300 ppi  uncheck Resample Image and enter 300 in Resolution box, check that pixels/inch are selected in pull down menu,
  • click OK. Note it is essential to click OK, do not go to step 5 without closing the Image size dialogue after changing the ppi.
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  • If you carried out step 4 or if your image was already at 300 ppi then open Image / Image Size dialogue and proceed as follows: check Resample Image and Constrain Proportions, enter 33cm into height box. Note before you click OK there is a pull down menu at the bottom of the dialogue box which defaults to “Bicubic Smoother (best for enlargement)” you have some advanced options here but the default is usually ok for most images. Click OK.
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  • This will resize your image to approximately 33cm by 23cm for positioning into an A3 page
  • As you have now resized your image, copy it to the computer clipboard and then Photoshop will automatically centre it in your new page so:
  • Go to – Select / All and then –  Edit  / Copy. This copies your resized image to the clipboard.
  • Go to File / New and choose International Paper in the Preset box, selecting A3, check you have 300 pixels/inch entered in the Resolution box, Color Mode is set to RGB Color, 8 bit. Choose White in the Background Contents box, you can give your new document a Name in the top box. Then click OK.
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  • This creates a new A3 document with white background. Note the instructions have been for Portrait paper orientation, you will have to modify for Landscape mode.
  • With your new document open and “active” you can now go to Edit / Paste, this will paste your re-sized image in the clipboard to your new document, note Photoshop will automatically centre the clipboard contents in the new document.
  • Go to Layer / Flatten and save your new file as a suitable file (PSD, Tiff or Jpeg if no further work is required on the image).
  • You now have your A3 document with a central image and white border, this can now be printed at 300dpi. If you are planning to use Photobox etc. then it is best saved as a  jpeg with compression of about 9 or 10 to make a reasonable file size to upload.








Comparing a Raw image with a JPeg image

Here I have shot the same image in both RAW and JPeg to show the comparisition of quality and flexability for post production between the two files for your final print

I have edited them both with the same settings in LightRoom and as you can see the RAW file as detained much more detail than the JPeg.

The JPeg image as lost more detail both in the foreground and background and now looks over exposed and out of focus.

The main reason you would shoot in JPeg would be to shoot sports, fast motion images, as the camera is quicker just shooting and saving images in JPeg, as a Raw image takes a slightly longer to save.


Correcting the White Balance in CS6 before import and post production

To correct the white balance of your image in raw you need to simply click into the White Balance Tool at the top of the left hand side of your pane. Your mouse will change to a small pipette. You simply choose an area of your image you think is the correct White Balance and click, this will have changed your White Balance, if your still not happy with the White Balance you can adjust the temperature slider on the right hand side panel.

White Balance 1

Corrected White Balance.

Corrected White Balance

You can also use the Tone Curve tool to correct different areas of the image White Balance if required.

You will find the Tone Curve on the right hand side panel.

Whit Balance Tone Curve

Once you are happy with your White Balance you are ready to Import your image (open image)